In clinical psychiatry, we dispose of different non-pharmacological approaches, such as somatic treatments, chronobiological treatments, cognitive remediation, and psychotherapy. Somatic treatments include transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). These techniques, which exert their function through the modulation of cortical excitability, find an application in many psychiatric disorders, but mainly in resistant depression. Chronotherapies, a group of non-pharmacological therapeutic approaches to mood disorder treatment, are rooted in the hypothesis of chronobiology aetiopathogenesis of psychiatric disorders (mainly mood disorders). Chrono-biological treatments include light therapy (LT), sleep deprivation (SD), and dark therapy (DT). While LT and SD are mainly used in depression, DT finds a clinical application in mania. Cognitive remediation (CR) is a set of interventions based on behavioural training whose goal is to enhance neurocognitive abilities. This technique finds its main application in schizophrenia. Psychotherapy approaches have a proved effectiveness for the treatment of various psychiatric conditions when combined to psychopharmacological treatment. The two main approaches are cognitive-behavioural therapy and psychodynamic therapy.

Non-Pharmacological Treatments / Barbini, B; Seghi, F; Bosia, M; Fregna, L; Martini, F; Attanasio, F; Manfredi, E; Vassena, G; Colombo, C; Cavallaro, R. - (2022), pp. 389-426. [10.1007/978-3-031-07715-9_12].

Non-Pharmacological Treatments

Fregna L
;
2022

Abstract

In clinical psychiatry, we dispose of different non-pharmacological approaches, such as somatic treatments, chronobiological treatments, cognitive remediation, and psychotherapy. Somatic treatments include transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). These techniques, which exert their function through the modulation of cortical excitability, find an application in many psychiatric disorders, but mainly in resistant depression. Chronotherapies, a group of non-pharmacological therapeutic approaches to mood disorder treatment, are rooted in the hypothesis of chronobiology aetiopathogenesis of psychiatric disorders (mainly mood disorders). Chrono-biological treatments include light therapy (LT), sleep deprivation (SD), and dark therapy (DT). While LT and SD are mainly used in depression, DT finds a clinical application in mania. Cognitive remediation (CR) is a set of interventions based on behavioural training whose goal is to enhance neurocognitive abilities. This technique finds its main application in schizophrenia. Psychotherapy approaches have a proved effectiveness for the treatment of various psychiatric conditions when combined to psychopharmacological treatment. The two main approaches are cognitive-behavioural therapy and psychodynamic therapy.
2022
Fundamentals of Psychiatry for Health Care Professionals
Neurostimulation;Somatic treatments; Chronobiology; Chronotherapeutics; Light therapy; Sleep deprivation; Cognitive remediation; Psychotherapy
02 Pubblicazione su volume::02a Capitolo o Articolo
Non-Pharmacological Treatments / Barbini, B; Seghi, F; Bosia, M; Fregna, L; Martini, F; Attanasio, F; Manfredi, E; Vassena, G; Colombo, C; Cavallaro, R. - (2022), pp. 389-426. [10.1007/978-3-031-07715-9_12].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1660566
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