This study presents the cultural heritage of the city of Jahu, located in the interior of São Paulo's state, Brazil. Between the years 1840 and 1885, the province was characterized by the development of pork farming, subsistence farming and an incipient coffee plantation. From 1885 to 1914, the establishment of commercial coffee farming stood out, as well as the arrival of the railroad, the end of slave labor, the immigration of Europeans (mainly Italians) and the rapid development of the city. This research was based on the concept of “cultural heritage”, expressed in the Federal Constitution of 1988 (BR), which replaced the denomination “historical and artistic heritage”, in force since the formation of the National Historical and Artistic Heritage Service in 1937. The new term incorporates the concept of cultural reference and the definition of cultural assets that can be recognized so, which covers both material and immaterial assets. This study highlights the important contribution of the Italian construction workforce in Jahu and has as object of research a set of 40 works designed and built by Italian immigrants at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, known as Eclectic Architecture. Such Architecture can be defined as a mixture of architectural styles that borrows elements of classical, gothic, baroque and neoclassical Architecture. The architectural language developed in this period is known as “Ecletismo Paulistano”, in which an approximation between neoclassicism, neogothic and art nouveau is expressed in the various decorative elements of the building facades. It was a legacy of classical elements brought by immigrants from Italy who moved to Jahu at the end of the 19th century: designers, builders and also bricklayers and labourers, who built the projects carrying out substantial variations from what was described in the official documents. The analysis was made from drawings by the designer Beppino Terrieri, the most prolific of those who worked during the period in Jahu. The analyzed drawings approach totally different typologies, which allows a more complete reading of the architectural language used in the city by one of its main designers. The method of analysis was based on: the reading of the cartographic and graphical material provided by the City Hall of Jahu; photographic survey in loco; redraw of the facades with the classical Italian orders presented in the cornices, frames and eaves, resulting in a comparative graphic synthesis of all these elements.

Italian's architecture from Sao Paulo state - Jahu / Esposito, Antonio; Ippolito, Alfonso; Vizioli, Simone; Botasso., Gabriel. - (2021), pp. 153-154.

Italian's architecture from Sao Paulo state - Jahu

Alfonso Ippolito;
2021

Abstract

This study presents the cultural heritage of the city of Jahu, located in the interior of São Paulo's state, Brazil. Between the years 1840 and 1885, the province was characterized by the development of pork farming, subsistence farming and an incipient coffee plantation. From 1885 to 1914, the establishment of commercial coffee farming stood out, as well as the arrival of the railroad, the end of slave labor, the immigration of Europeans (mainly Italians) and the rapid development of the city. This research was based on the concept of “cultural heritage”, expressed in the Federal Constitution of 1988 (BR), which replaced the denomination “historical and artistic heritage”, in force since the formation of the National Historical and Artistic Heritage Service in 1937. The new term incorporates the concept of cultural reference and the definition of cultural assets that can be recognized so, which covers both material and immaterial assets. This study highlights the important contribution of the Italian construction workforce in Jahu and has as object of research a set of 40 works designed and built by Italian immigrants at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, known as Eclectic Architecture. Such Architecture can be defined as a mixture of architectural styles that borrows elements of classical, gothic, baroque and neoclassical Architecture. The architectural language developed in this period is known as “Ecletismo Paulistano”, in which an approximation between neoclassicism, neogothic and art nouveau is expressed in the various decorative elements of the building facades. It was a legacy of classical elements brought by immigrants from Italy who moved to Jahu at the end of the 19th century: designers, builders and also bricklayers and labourers, who built the projects carrying out substantial variations from what was described in the official documents. The analysis was made from drawings by the designer Beppino Terrieri, the most prolific of those who worked during the period in Jahu. The analyzed drawings approach totally different typologies, which allows a more complete reading of the architectural language used in the city by one of its main designers. The method of analysis was based on: the reading of the cartographic and graphical material provided by the City Hall of Jahu; photographic survey in loco; redraw of the facades with the classical Italian orders presented in the cornices, frames and eaves, resulting in a comparative graphic synthesis of all these elements.
978-88-943862-2-6
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1573926
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