Political Brigandage in Southern Italy had existed in some form since ancient times. However its origins as outlaws targeting random travellers would evolve vastly later on in the form of the political resistance movement. During the time of the Napoleonic conquest of the Kingdom of Naples, the first signs of political resistance brigandage came to public light, as the Bourbon loyalists of the country refused to accept the new Bonapartist rulers and actively fought against them until the Bourbon monarchy had been reinstated. In effect the word brigandage is a euphemism for what was in fact a civil war. After the conquest of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies in 18601by the Savoyard Kingdom of Sardinia (later Kingdom of Italy), the most famous and well known form of brigandage in the area emerged. Many turned to brigandage in the mountains of Basilicata, Campania, Calabria and Abruzzo, but the brigands were not a homogeneous group, nor did they operate with any common cause. Amongst the brigands were a mixture of people, with different working backgrounds and motives; the brigands included former prisoners, bandits and other people who the Italian government regarded as common criminals, but also former soldiers, loyalists of the Bourbon army, anti-unitary Liberals as well as foreign fighters who reached southern Italy to support the legitimist cause, some nobles, poverty stricken farmers and peasants who wanted land reforms. But above all the Political Brigandage was a Neapolitan Civil War, fought by the modernizing, pro Savoyard Royal House, rural bourgeoisie against the pro-Bourbon traditionalist rural bourgeoisie.
Il brigantaggio post-unitario come problema storiografico / Di Rienzo, Pio Eugenio. - (2020), pp. 7-122.
|Titolo:||Il brigantaggio post-unitario come problema storiografico|
DI RIENZO, Pio Eugenio [Writing – Review & Editing]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||03a Saggio, Trattato Scientifico|