The important research line regarding the outcome of various psychotherapy treatments (OutcomeResearch) started since the Fifties. The outcome of therapy is basically defined in terms of diminishedseverity of symptoms. Today the Outcome Research represents a crucial aspect both in clinicalresearch and in the theoretical field. The advent of neuroscience has marked an important turning point also in this field of medical research. Recent advances in neuroimaging techniques allowed thescientists to identify neural correlates not only referred to mental disorders, but also to changesassociated with therapeutic interventions.In this talk, we will compare the impact of the psychotherapeutic and pharmacological interventionat neural circuits and networks level, particularly in the case of major depression. In this regard, wewill discuss the results of a recent meta-analysis (Kalsi et al. 2017) based on studies focused on patients suffering from anxiety and depression disorders. A very large sample of participants (n=546)has been analysed and the neural correlates of pre- and post-psychotherapeutic intervention(psychodynamic and cognitive behavioural) and pharmacological (based on antidepressants)treatment have been compared. The researchers found, in particular, the inverse response of the right paracingulate depending on the kind of treatment. We will provide an explanation of these data in thelight of the dual-process model, partially revisited.Furthermore, we will suggest the future prominent contributes of the behavioural epigenetics inOutcome Research. Recent studies have shown that not only drugs but even different types ofenvironmental exposures can affect neuroplasticity, modulating the synaptic connectivity.Environmental experiences seem to be examples of epigenetic factors that influence the developmentof mental disorders through mechanisms of silencing or activation of gene expression.
Neurosciences and Epigenetics in Outcome Research / Lai, Carlo; Loria, Emiliano; Pellicano, GAIA ROMANA. - (2019). ((Intervento presentato al convegno The Future of Neuroethics: Meetings on Neuroscience and Society, XI Edition - Società Italiana di Neuroetica (SINe) tenutosi a Milano.
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|Titolo:||Neurosciences and Epigenetics in Outcome Research|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Citazione:||Neurosciences and Epigenetics in Outcome Research / Lai, Carlo; Loria, Emiliano; Pellicano, GAIA ROMANA. - (2019). ((Intervento presentato al convegno The Future of Neuroethics: Meetings on Neuroscience and Society, XI Edition - Società Italiana di Neuroetica (SINe) tenutosi a Milano.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||14s Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|