Anthracyclines such as doxorubicin, daunorubicin, epirubicin, mitoxantrone and idarubicin, are powerful chemotherapeutic drugs used both in children and adult populations. Their properties made them particularly suitable for a large variety of neoplasms including breast adenocarcinoma, small cell lung cancer and acute leukemia. Early and late anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity is a well-known phenomenon, and the incidence of heart failure in patients receiving doxorubicin is 2.2%, with a mortality rate over 60% at 2 years. Prognosis can be improved by prevention, early detection and treatment. A specific treatment for anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity is not yet available, but non-pharmacological measures such as exercise, lifestyle changes and control of risk factors have shown a cardioprotective effect. Exercise training represents a viable non-pharmacological treatment as it increases cardiovascular reserve and endothelial function, regulates proapoptotic signaling, protects against reactive oxygen species (ROS), and decreases autophagy/lysosomal signaling. However, no current guidelines are available for prevention management in cancer patients. Pharmacological measures both for prevention and treatment are those used for heart failure (β-blockers, angiotensin-receptor blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, statins, dexrazoxane and aldosteron antagonists). In this chapter, we will discuss how the evaluation, monitoring and prevention of chemotherapy-related cardiomyopathy is correlated with physical exercise.
The positive effects of exercise in chemotherapy-related cardiomyopathy / Cavarretta, Elena; Mastroiacovo, Giorgio; Annik, Lupieri; Frati, Giacomo; Peruzzi, Mariangela. - STAMPA. - 1000(2017), pp. 103-129. - ADVANCES IN EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY. [10.1007/978-981-10-4304-8_8].
|Titolo:||The positive effects of exercise in chemotherapy-related cardiomyopathy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Citazione:||The positive effects of exercise in chemotherapy-related cardiomyopathy / Cavarretta, Elena; Mastroiacovo, Giorgio; Annik, Lupieri; Frati, Giacomo; Peruzzi, Mariangela. - STAMPA. - 1000(2017), pp. 103-129. - ADVANCES IN EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY. [10.1007/978-981-10-4304-8_8].|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||02a Capitolo o Articolo|