Mutations in CSA and CSB proteins cause Cockayne syndrome, a rare genetic neurodevelopment disorder. Alongside their demonstrated roles in DNA repair and transcription, these two proteins have recently been discovered to regulate cytokinesis, the final stage of the cell division. This last finding allowed, for the first time, to highlight an extranuclear localization of CS proteins, beyond the one already known at mitochondria. In this study, we demonstrated an additional role for CSA protein being recruited at centrosomes in a strictly determined step of mitosis, which ranges from pro-metaphase until metaphase exit. Centrosomal CSA exerts its function in specifically targeting the pool of centrosomal Cyclin B1 for ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. Interestingly, a lack of CSA recruitment at centrosomes does not affect Cyclin B1 centrosomal localization but, instead, it causes its lasting centrosomal permanence, thus inducing Caspase 3 activation and apoptosis. The discovery of this unveiled before CSA recruitment at centrosomes opens a new and promising scenario for the understanding of some of the complex and different clinical aspects of Cockayne Syndrome

Cockayne syndrome group A protein localizes at centrosomes during mitosis and regulates Cyclin B1 ubiquitination / Paccosi, E.; Artemi, G.; Filippi, S.; Balzerano, A.; Costanzo, F.; Laghezza-Masci, V.; Proietti, S.; Proietti-De-Santis, L.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CELL BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0171-9335. - 102:2(2023), pp. 1-10. [10.1016/j.ejcb.2023.151325]

Cockayne syndrome group A protein localizes at centrosomes during mitosis and regulates Cyclin B1 ubiquitination

Balzerano A.;Costanzo F.;
2023

Abstract

Mutations in CSA and CSB proteins cause Cockayne syndrome, a rare genetic neurodevelopment disorder. Alongside their demonstrated roles in DNA repair and transcription, these two proteins have recently been discovered to regulate cytokinesis, the final stage of the cell division. This last finding allowed, for the first time, to highlight an extranuclear localization of CS proteins, beyond the one already known at mitochondria. In this study, we demonstrated an additional role for CSA protein being recruited at centrosomes in a strictly determined step of mitosis, which ranges from pro-metaphase until metaphase exit. Centrosomal CSA exerts its function in specifically targeting the pool of centrosomal Cyclin B1 for ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. Interestingly, a lack of CSA recruitment at centrosomes does not affect Cyclin B1 centrosomal localization but, instead, it causes its lasting centrosomal permanence, thus inducing Caspase 3 activation and apoptosis. The discovery of this unveiled before CSA recruitment at centrosomes opens a new and promising scenario for the understanding of some of the complex and different clinical aspects of Cockayne Syndrome
2023
apoptosis; centrosome; cockayne syndrome; Cyclin B1; mitosis; ubiquitination
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Cockayne syndrome group A protein localizes at centrosomes during mitosis and regulates Cyclin B1 ubiquitination / Paccosi, E.; Artemi, G.; Filippi, S.; Balzerano, A.; Costanzo, F.; Laghezza-Masci, V.; Proietti, S.; Proietti-De-Santis, L.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CELL BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0171-9335. - 102:2(2023), pp. 1-10. [10.1016/j.ejcb.2023.151325]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1683466
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