Recent investigations strongly suggest that Raman spectroscopy (RS) can be used as a clinical tool in cancer diagnosis to improve diagnostic accuracy. In this study, we evaluated the efficiency of Raman imaging microscopy to discriminate between healthy and neoplastic thyroid tissue, by analyzing main variants of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma (PTC), the most common type of thyroid cancer. We performed Raman imaging of large tissue areas (from 100 × 100 μm2 up to 1 × 1 mm2), collecting 38 maps containing about 9000 Raman spectra. Multivariate statistical methods, including Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA), were applied to translate Raman spectra differences between healthy and PTC tissues into diagnostically useful information for a reliable tissue classification. Our study is the first demonstration of specific biochemical features of the PTC profile, characterized by significant presence of carotenoids with respect to the healthy tissue. Moreover, this is the first evidence of Raman spectra differentiation between classical and follicular variant of PTC, discriminated by LDA with high efficiency. The combined histological and Raman microscopy analyses allow clear-cut integration of morphological and biochemical observations, with dramatic improvement of efficiency and reliability in the differential diagnosis of neoplastic thyroid nodules, paving the way to integrative findings for tumorigenesis and novel therapeutic strategies.

RAMAN spectroscopy imaging improves the diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma / J. V., Rau; Graziani, Valerio; M., Fosca; C., Taffon; M., Rocchia; P., Crucitti; P., Pozzilli; A., Onetti Muda; M., Caricato; A., Crescenzi. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - ELETTRONICO. - 6:(2016). [10.1038/srep35117]

RAMAN spectroscopy imaging improves the diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma

GRAZIANI, VALERIO;
2016

Abstract

Recent investigations strongly suggest that Raman spectroscopy (RS) can be used as a clinical tool in cancer diagnosis to improve diagnostic accuracy. In this study, we evaluated the efficiency of Raman imaging microscopy to discriminate between healthy and neoplastic thyroid tissue, by analyzing main variants of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma (PTC), the most common type of thyroid cancer. We performed Raman imaging of large tissue areas (from 100 × 100 μm2 up to 1 × 1 mm2), collecting 38 maps containing about 9000 Raman spectra. Multivariate statistical methods, including Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA), were applied to translate Raman spectra differences between healthy and PTC tissues into diagnostically useful information for a reliable tissue classification. Our study is the first demonstration of specific biochemical features of the PTC profile, characterized by significant presence of carotenoids with respect to the healthy tissue. Moreover, this is the first evidence of Raman spectra differentiation between classical and follicular variant of PTC, discriminated by LDA with high efficiency. The combined histological and Raman microscopy analyses allow clear-cut integration of morphological and biochemical observations, with dramatic improvement of efficiency and reliability in the differential diagnosis of neoplastic thyroid nodules, paving the way to integrative findings for tumorigenesis and novel therapeutic strategies.
Raman spectroscopy, imaging, diagnostics, cancer, tissues, fingerprint
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
RAMAN spectroscopy imaging improves the diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma / J. V., Rau; Graziani, Valerio; M., Fosca; C., Taffon; M., Rocchia; P., Crucitti; P., Pozzilli; A., Onetti Muda; M., Caricato; A., Crescenzi. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - ELETTRONICO. - 6:(2016). [10.1038/srep35117]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/935963
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