Screening of a Mycobacterium tuberculosis genomic DNA library in the lambda gt11 expression vector was carried out by using, as probes, sera from tuberculous patients and murine monoclonal antibody H61.3 recognizing a mycobacterial 35-kilodalton protein present only on the M. tuberculosis complex. The recombinant beta-galactosidase-fused protein present in the crude lysate induced the proliferation of T lymphocytes from patients with tuberculous pleuritis. As the recombinant insert contains an internal EcoRI restriction site, it was possible to identify two fragments, one proximal to the lacZ gene and 1.7 kilobases (kb) in size and the other distal to the lacZ gene and 2.2 kb in size. Southern blot analysis showed that both of them hybridized with the genomic DNA from M. tuberculosis and M. bovis but not with the DNA from other mycobacterial species. To perform extensive immunological studies, the amount of beta-galactosidase-fused protein being very low, we fused the 1.7-kb fragment to the N-terminal part of the gene coding for the DNA polymerase of bacteriophage MS2 in the expression vector pEx34. The fusion protein was partially purified, and subsequent Western blotting (immunoblotting) and T-cell proliferation experiments confirmed the presence of B- and T-cell mycobacterial epitopes. Furthermore, to isolate the chromosomal region containing the 35-kilodalton gene, we constructed another mycobacterial genomic library in the lambda 2001 vector by cloning 15 to 20 kb of foreign DNA. Screening of this library was carried out by using 1.7- and 2.2-kb recombinant fragments as probes. Restriction maps of some clones isolated were determined.
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|Titolo:||Identification of a 35-kilodalton Mycobacterium tuberculosis protein containing B- and T-cell epitopes.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1990|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|