The myrmecophilous immature stages of hover flies of the genus Microdon Meigen, 1803 (Diptera, Syrphidae) are still poorly known and only about 15 species were previously incompletely described and/or illustrated using light microscopy based on occasional findings mainly of pupae and third instar larvae. The exceptional finding of a large number of second and third instar larvae and pupae (159 specimens) of Microdon mutabilis (Linnaeus, 1758) inside the nest of a new host species, Formica cunicularia Latreille,1798, enabled us to rear them and obtain a great number of eggs and first instar larvae. We filmed and described the feeding behaviour and locomotion of these highly derived slug-like larvae. Combining light, fluorescence and scanning electron (SEM) microscopy, we describe in detail and illustrate the external features of all the immature stages of M. mutabilis (eggs, larvae and pupae). Covering the entire chorion of the egg is a peculiar microsculpture composed of volcano-like processes. The three larval instars strongly differ from each other, especially at the level of the shape of the body, the posterior spiracular tubercle and the cephaloskeleton. SEM microscopy was used to describe in detail the microsculpture, sensorial structures, spiracles and cephalic appendages of larvae and pupae. Fluorescence microscopy was used to reveal the exceptional presence of resilin in the external layer of the posterior spiracular tubercle in first instar larvae. The possible functional significance of these structures is discussed.

Detailed morphological descriptions of the immature stages of the ant parasite Microdon mutabilis (Diptera: Syrphidae: Microdontinae) and a discussion of its functional morphology, behaviour and host specificity / Giulia, Scarparo ; Cerretti, Pierfilippo; Mei, Maurizio; ANDREA DI GIULIO ,. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENTOMOLOGY. - ISSN 1802-8829. - STAMPA. - 114:(2017), pp. 565-586. [10.14411/eje.2017.071]

Detailed morphological descriptions of the immature stages of the ant parasite Microdon mutabilis (Diptera: Syrphidae: Microdontinae) and a discussion of its functional morphology, behaviour and host specificity

PIERFILIPPO CERRETTI ;MAURIZIO MEI ;
2017

Abstract

The myrmecophilous immature stages of hover flies of the genus Microdon Meigen, 1803 (Diptera, Syrphidae) are still poorly known and only about 15 species were previously incompletely described and/or illustrated using light microscopy based on occasional findings mainly of pupae and third instar larvae. The exceptional finding of a large number of second and third instar larvae and pupae (159 specimens) of Microdon mutabilis (Linnaeus, 1758) inside the nest of a new host species, Formica cunicularia Latreille,1798, enabled us to rear them and obtain a great number of eggs and first instar larvae. We filmed and described the feeding behaviour and locomotion of these highly derived slug-like larvae. Combining light, fluorescence and scanning electron (SEM) microscopy, we describe in detail and illustrate the external features of all the immature stages of M. mutabilis (eggs, larvae and pupae). Covering the entire chorion of the egg is a peculiar microsculpture composed of volcano-like processes. The three larval instars strongly differ from each other, especially at the level of the shape of the body, the posterior spiracular tubercle and the cephaloskeleton. SEM microscopy was used to describe in detail the microsculpture, sensorial structures, spiracles and cephalic appendages of larvae and pupae. Fluorescence microscopy was used to reveal the exceptional presence of resilin in the external layer of the posterior spiracular tubercle in first instar larvae. The possible functional significance of these structures is discussed.
2017
2017
ITALIA
Inglese
Esperti anonimi
565
586
22
114
Diptera, Syrphidae, Microdon mutabilis, development, fl y-ant interactions, Formica cunicularia, immature stages, larval behaviour, myrmecophily, scanning electron microscopy
no
Giulia, Scarparo ; Cerretti, Pierfilippo; Mei, Maurizio; ANDREA DI GIULIO ,
4
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
info:eu-repo/semantics/article
262
Detailed morphological descriptions of the immature stages of the ant parasite Microdon mutabilis (Diptera: Syrphidae: Microdontinae) and a discussion of its functional morphology, behaviour and host specificity / Giulia, Scarparo ; Cerretti, Pierfilippo; Mei, Maurizio; ANDREA DI GIULIO ,. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENTOMOLOGY. - ISSN 1802-8829. - STAMPA. - 114:(2017), pp. 565-586. [10.14411/eje.2017.071]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1077239
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